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Lieut Patrick Wright Anderson St Andrews Uni OTC (photoReq

 
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Keptie



Joined: 24 Feb 2009
Posts: 895
Location: near Arbroath Angus

PostPosted: Wed Mar 18, 2009 11:05 pm    Post subject: Lieut Patrick Wright Anderson St Andrews Uni OTC (photoReq Reply with quote

This Additional Memorial to Lieutenant Patrick Wright Anderson ,who left his BSc University Course at University College , Dundee and his St Andrews University Officer Training Corps where he was a Corporal in the Corps for war service on the outbreak of the Great War in 1914. He was commissioned Second Lieutenant into the 8th (Service) Bn The Black Watch on 1 September 1914 then appointed Lieutenant in the 10th (Service) Bn The Black Watch and then serving as an Observer in 18 Sqn RFC & RAF flying in DH 4 daytime bombers in France & Flanders but on 27 June 1918 he was seriously wounded to his stomach and thigh . Hospitalised for many months he returned back home to Arbroath on Armistice Day 1919 by ambulance train . He died of his serious wounds and was buried in the Western Cemetery at Arbroath ( compartment D) .

This additional Memorial to Lieut P W Anderson was donated to the Tayforth University Officer Training Corps , City Road St Andrews Fife on 16 Mary 1994 as he died of his wounds after the original memorial for the Corps was erected at the same premises .

The memorial shows a photograph of Lieutenant Patrick Wright ANDERSON wearing his Kilted uniform of the 10th Black Watch in 1915 during embarkation leave at Arbroath and there is an Obituary .

The memorial was presented to the OTC by nephew Patrick W Anderson 1994

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Last edited by Keptie on Wed Feb 26, 2014 9:37 pm; edited 1 time in total
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Keptie



Joined: 24 Feb 2009
Posts: 895
Location: near Arbroath Angus

PostPosted: Wed Mar 18, 2009 11:13 pm    Post subject: Lieut P W Anderson : St Andrews Uni OTC Reply with quote

The Citizen for Saturday 5 September 1914 page 5 reports

St Andrews University Officer Training Corps:

The following gentlemen have been gazetted to Commissions as Second Lieutenants for the Period of the War in the New Army Battalions :

Lance Corporal J . lynn, Lance Corporal William Stewart Robertson, ex Cadet H A Adams , ***** CORPORAL P . W. ANDERSON , ****

Cadet A. Dingwall , ex Sergeant CC Pitcairn Hill, Cadet E J Ritchie , ex cadet A G Dunlop, and H E Sanderson ( university student .)
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Keptie



Joined: 24 Feb 2009
Posts: 895
Location: near Arbroath Angus

PostPosted: Thu Mar 19, 2009 6:18 pm    Post subject: Lieut P W Anderson Reply with quote

This Additional Memorial to former St Andrews University Officer University Training Corps Corporal was erected in 1994 as the then Colonel ( Col Sandy Cram) and the Adjutant ( Capt Terry J. Ellison ) noticed that the name of Lieutenant PATRICK WRIGHT ANDERSON was not included in the original Memorial within their HQ at St Andrews but of course , that memorial had the casualties up to 1919 only.

This Memorial has the kilted photograph of Lieutenant Patrick Wright ANDERSON in his 10 Black Watch uniform of 1915 together with this Obituary :

Patrick Wright Anderson was born in Arbroath in Scotland on 7 October 1892 and ,after schooling in the town , attended the University College at Dundee , then part of St Andrews University . He joined the University Officers Training Corps attending a large OTC Camp at Ilkley in 1913. There they used a wireless over the surrounding hills for a distance of four miles.

On the Outbreak of the Great War he volunteered for a commission as 2nd Lieutenant in the 8th (Service ) Battalion , Black Watch . One of the Battalion Officers was Captain Hon Fergus Bowes-Lyon, brother of the Queen Mother. Captain Bowes- Lyon was killed in action at the Battle of Loos. Patrick transferred to the 10th (Service) Battalion and continued training at Bristol and at Sutton Veny; by this time he was appointed Lieutenant with the Battalion. He did not go overseas to France with the Battalion during September 1915 but became the Chief Instructor at the Grenade School at Villiers Bretonneux, which is 10 miles east of Amiens. He had a number of Lieutenants and NCO's from each Brigade on his staff . His Battalion was posted to Salonika as part of the 77th Infantry Brigade , 26th Division. At the end of December 1915 he was sharing a room in billets with a Lieutenant A. Don in Aivatli near Salonika . Lieutenant Don died a few months later of malaria . During the months of January to March 1916 Patrick was Chief Instructor of a new Grenade School at Aivatli ; from April to July of that year he was given the Temporary rank of Captain whilst employed at the school . During the following months he returned to active service with the Battalion and was involved on night raids near Dolozeli . On one night operation he was on active service with Lieutenant R.M. Don , brother of Lieutenant A. Don. Lieutenant RM Don was killed in action during a night raid in 1917.

Patrick left Salonika in November 1916 for training with the Royal Flying Corps . He attended the No 1 School of Aeronautics at Reading and the No 1 Auxiliary School of Aerial Gunnery at Hythe. He was posted to 18 Squadron Royal Flying Corps then based at Auchel in France. He continued to wear his Highland Officers uniform . On 21 April 1918, the day the Red Baron was killed , Patrick together with Canadian pilot , Lieutenant A C Atkey , who was later promoted and decorated , shot down out of control an enemy machine. They are mentioned in the RAF Communiques for 1918. On 27 June 1918, Patrick was on a morning patrol over Flanders with another Canadian pilot , Lieutenant R.C. Bennett (who was later decorated) in their DH4 ( A 8048) when Patrick was seriously wounded to the stomach and thigh. They managed to return to their lines so that Patrick could receive medical attention . Patrick was returned to England and remained in hospital for a year before returning to his home. He relinquished his Commission due to wounds received in war but was authorised to retain his rank. He required further medical treatment but after another operation in the Arbroath Infirmary he died of wounds on 2 November 1921.

In 1922 the War Office forwarded his Three War Medals to his relatives in Arbroath . These medals are : 1914/1915 star ; British War and Victory Medals . The 1914 /1915 star is impressed Lieutenant P W Anderson , R Highlanders , the British War & the Victory Medals are impressed with Lieutenant P W Anderson

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Below this Obituary are the words :


PRESENTED TO TAYFORTH U.O.T.C. By P. W. ANDERSON

1994.


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