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Jacobite Memorial, Clifton Moor
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spoons



Joined: 09 Jan 2007
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Location: St John's Town of Dalry

PostPosted: Mon Aug 25, 2008 3:29 pm    Post subject: Jacobite Memorial, Clifton Moor Reply with quote

This article was published in the Sunday Post on 10 August 2008 and I thought that it just had to go onto the forum.

This memorial is at the George and Dragon pub, Clifton near Penrith and the inscription on the memorial reads............

"Here lie buried the men of the army of Prince Charles who fell at Clifton Moor, 18 December 1745"

I am not big on this period in history but the article says that the memorial marks the graves of 12 men and that this was the last battle fought on English soil.

If anyone is down that way, it would be great to get exact details of location and some better photos.

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Adam Brown
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PostPosted: Tue Sep 08, 2009 10:58 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

See here also:

http://cumbrianwarmemorials.blogspot.com/search/label/Jacobite

Clifton - The last battle on English soil

A reminder of the turbulent politics of the 17th & 18th centuries is to be found in St Cuthbert's churchyard, Clifton, south of Penrith where a memorial commemorates the dead of Bland's Regiment who were killed here on the occasion of the skirmish at Clifton, fought on the afternoon and evening of December 18, 1745. The stone resembling a standard CWGC headstone was placed here in 2004 by The Queen's Royal Hussars, the lineal regimental descendants of Bland's Regiment.

The skirmish at Clifton, which is commonly celebrated as the last battle fought on English soil, took place between a rearguard of Prince Charles Edward Stewart's Jacobite army as they retreated from Derby and elements of the Duke of Cumberland's Hanoverian forces that were in pursuit. During the action about a hundred government soldiers were wounded and killed, ten of whom lie beneath this memorial.

Twelve Jacobites were also killed and a Captain Hamilton captured 'much wounded'. The dead are buried beneath The Rebel Tree on the southern edge of the village.

At the foot of the tree a brass plate mounted on a stone reads,

Here lie buried the men of the army of
Prince Charles who fell at Clifton Moor 18 December 1745


A footnote makes clear that the plaque and presumably the stone were placed here by Georgina & Wilbert Goodchild in 1936. Who were they? A Wilbert Goodchild was a celebrated mineralogist in the mid years of the 20th c - is this him? In 2006 a group of Scots patriots cleared up the site, rebuilt the fence & dedicated another memorial plaque - see http://www.cranntara.org.uk/clifton_06.htm for the story and a downloadable pdf file which includes some contemporary accounts and a map.

Googling 'Battle of Clifton' will throw up numerous links describing the events that took place here. A particularly interesting eyewitness account of the skirmish by Thomas Savage of Clifton End Farm can be found @ http://edenlinks.rootsweb.com/1gp/WESTWARD/CLIFTON/CLIFTON_MOOR.HT

By coincidence the Rev. Robert Patten a former curate in Penrith & chaplain to General Forster in the rebellion of 1715 was buried in Clifton church in 1733. Forster commanded the Jacobite forces under the Earl of Derwentwater. There are few reminders of the Jacobite wars in Cumbria apart from a variety of blue plaques commemorating lodging places of the Bonnie Prince or Butcher Cumberland. The mediaeval choir stalls in Carlisle Cathedral are quite heavily disfigured by crude carvings of symbols and initials. When I was a schoolboy in the town the verger at the time seemed undecided as to whether these were done by Jacobite prisoners or by captured Royalist soldiers during the civil war. I don't know what present thinking is. In Lancaster Castle there are a number of long wooden staves that were apparently left in the town by retreating Highlanders some days before Clifton skirmish; poignant reminders of a forgotten war.

The transactions of the CWAAS for 2003 (Third Series, Vol III) includes a paper on the siege of Carlisle in the days following Clifton skirmish and the 2006 edition describes the events of the '15 in the county. Copies are available through the website. The Centre for North West Regional Studies @ Lancaster have also produced an account of the Jacobites in the North West available thro' their website.
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DerekR
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PostPosted: Wed Sep 09, 2009 6:02 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

OS map ref: NY535264

The memorial is located on the south side of Clifton village, to the right of the "George & Dragon" pub as you look at it.
And down the lane marked "Town End Croft".




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DerekR
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PostPosted: Thu Sep 17, 2009 6:19 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote


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PostPosted: Thu Sep 17, 2009 6:20 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote


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PostPosted: Thu Sep 17, 2009 6:20 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote




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PostPosted: Thu Sep 17, 2009 6:22 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote




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PostPosted: Thu Sep 17, 2009 6:23 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote




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PostPosted: Thu Sep 17, 2009 6:24 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote




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PostPosted: Thu Sep 17, 2009 6:27 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote








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DerekR
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PostPosted: Thu Sep 17, 2009 6:35 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

I was shown to the memorial by the kind staff of the "George & Dragon".
At the bar they are taking a 2 donation in exchange for a copy of the booklet;
"An Introduction to Clifton in Westmorland" which gives a small summary of the skirmish at Clifton in 1745.
It suggests that 5 Jacobites were killed and buried at the tree, with another 30 Highlanders being taken prisoner.
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DerekR
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PostPosted: Thu Sep 17, 2009 6:42 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

I'm not sure what the significance of this wooden plaque is: "BUCHANAN"


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spoons



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PostPosted: Thu Sep 17, 2009 6:49 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Great photos, it has fascinated me since I first saw the article in the Sunday Post but I have never found the time (or made an excuse) to visit.

\Paul
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DerekR
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PostPosted: Thu Sep 17, 2009 7:14 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

The skirmish at Clifton features in a book that I read half a lifetime ago. I think it was in "The Battles of the '45".

I've been in the environs of this memorial several times but never knew of its existence. Now that I do know, I will become a "weel kent" visitor.
And I'll make sure that I will have a driver with me as I was drooling at the mention of a "Rebel Oak" real ale.
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BereniceUK



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PostPosted: Tue Aug 26, 2014 5:43 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

There's also a plaque at Brougham Hall, near the village of Eamont Bridge, about 1.5 miles north of the memorial.



"This plaque commemorates the last battle on English soil
fought between the English and Scottish armies in the
fields immediately beneath this terrace
On 18th-19th December 1745
Unveiled by
H R H The Duke of Gloucester KG GCVO
24 July 2003"



The road referred to below can be seen through the trees in the first photo.


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