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Canonbie
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DerekR
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PostPosted: Wed Dec 20, 2006 10:52 am    Post subject: Canonbie Reply with quote

Canonbie War Memorial

OS map ref NY392763
UKNIWM Ref: 44100

Probably my favourite War Memorial.
It is situated at the side of the B6357 which passes through the small village of Canonbie near the English Border.
It was unveiled on 25th September, 1921, by the Duke of Buccleuch.

The sculptor of the statue was Thomas J.Clapperton who was also responsible for the Flodden Memorial in Selkirk and the Minto War Memorial.
Clapperton also designed the memorial tablet at Canonbie Church.





Last edited by DerekR on Thu May 15, 2008 8:17 am; edited 5 times in total
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DerekR
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PostPosted: Wed Dec 27, 2006 5:02 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote


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DerekR
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PostPosted: Sat Jan 06, 2007 5:00 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

The Second World War panel:


with an interesting name and unit listed on it:


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DerekR
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PostPosted: Sat Jan 06, 2007 5:01 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Sadly, the memorial is one of those that despite your best efforts, there is always something else in the background to clutter the photograph - in this case it is telephone wires, flag poles and trees. Crying or Very sad





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DerekR
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PostPosted: Sat Jan 06, 2007 5:14 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Names listed for the Great War:

George Armstrong Scottish Rifles
W.J Armstrong Royal Scots Fusiliers
Christopher Armstrong KOSB
Walter Armstrong Gordon Highlanders
Frank Armstrong Nortumberland Fusiliers
John Beattie Royal Scots Fusiliers
James Bell KOSB
Richard Byers KOSB
James Calvert KOSB
James Conacher Black Watch
W.J. Cowan Scots Guards
Charles G. Cragie Border Regiment
Chas J. Davidson Canadians
David Dinwoodie Loyal North Lancs
Walter Douglas Scottish Rifles
G.B.A. Elliot Machine Gun Corps
Jas Glendinning K.O.R.L.R.
Richard Graham Border Regiment
A.K Graham KOSB
Isaac Graham Australians
James Grieve Australians
Walter Hogg KOSB
Sam W. Hounam Black Watch
Samuel Irving KOSB
Walter Jackson KOSB
John W. Jackson KOSB
George J. Jardine Royal Garrison Artillery
John Jarvie KOSB
H.J. Johnston D.S.O. Duke of Wellingtons West Riding Regt
Peter Keen KOSB
James Law KOSB
David Lister KOSB
Stewart Lister Royal Scots Fusiliers
John Malcolm Royal Scots Fusiliers
John McGlasson KOSB
Murdoch McLean Border Regiment
John G. McRoberts Royal Scots
William Murray KOSB
Maurice Robson Cameron Highlanders
Adam Routledge Machine Gun Corps
Robert Snowden Seaforth Highlanders
John James Steele Royal Scots
James Steele KOSB
Archie D. Telfer KOSB
John M. Wylie Royal Scots Fusiliers
Alexander Wylie KOSB
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spoons



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PostPosted: Sun Jan 14, 2007 3:41 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

I agree, superb memorial and the surroundings are great too.
3 to add, showing surroundings, foundry mark and the WW2 memorial might be a little more readable.



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DerekR
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PostPosted: Sat Jun 16, 2007 2:36 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Surname BEATTIE
Firstname John
Service Number 24053
Date Death 30/07/1916
Decoration
Place of birth Canonbie Dumfriesshire
Other 2nd Bn.
SNWM roll THE ROYAL SCOTS FUSILIERS
Rank Pte
Theatre of death F.& F.
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DerekR
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PostPosted: Thu May 15, 2008 9:02 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote




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Adam Brown
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PostPosted: Wed Jan 28, 2009 11:38 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

Missed this name first time round

Miss Eleanor Teresa Pearson Armstrong, British Diplomatic staff

Luckily CWGC has come up trumps

ARMSTRONG, ELEANOR TERESA
Rank: Civilian
Regiment/Service: Civilian War Dead
Age: 30
Date of Death: 12/03/1941
Additional information: Daughter of Margaret Armstrong, of 24 Scotland Road, Carlisle, Cumberland, and of the late John Armstrong. Died at Pera Palace Hotel, Istanbul.
Casualty Type: Civilian War Dead
Reporting Authority: TURKEY

This lady also died on the same day in the same place

ELLIS, GERTRUDE MARION MATHILDE
Rank: Civilian
Regiment/Service: Civilian War Dead
Age: 45
Date of Death: 12/03/1941
Additional information: of 47 Abbey Road Mansions, Maida Vale, London. Died at Pera Palace Hotel, Istanbul.
Casualty Type: Civilian War Dead
Reporting Authority: TURKEY

From this website:

http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9E05E6D8103FF934A25751C0A961958260&sec=&spon=&pagewanted=all

During World War II, the Pera Palace attracted a variety of diplomats, journalists, spies and others of uncertain reputations. It was favored by those sympathetic to the Allied side, and British agents often used it for clandestine gatherings. Among the guests was Joel Brand, a leader of the Jewish underground in Budapest, who was sent to Istanbul late in the war by Adolf Eichmann with a bizarre offer to free one million Jews if the Allies would supply Nazi Germany with stores of coffee, tea, cocoa, soap and 10,000 military trucks to be used on the Russian front. The Allies refused.

One morning in March 1941, the hotel lived though its most shattering moments when a tremendous explosion shook the hotel lobby, evidently from a bomb planted in a suitcase by pro-Nazi saboteurs.

''People ran from their rooms shouting that the Germans had come,'' one historian later wrote. ''The whole neighborhood shook and windows were broken in all directions. The first floor of the hotel was in shambles, with furniture blown across the lobby. The elevator collapsed, its cable cut. Six people were dead and another 25 had been injured. The Pera Palace never fully recovered from the damage to its lobby or reputation.''
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Adam Brown
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PostPosted: Wed Jan 28, 2009 11:48 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

And from Time in 1941. Miss Armstrong's death is mentioned:

http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,884300,00.html

On the brink of Europe, facing Asia across the shimmering Bosporus, the Hill of Pera is crowned by one of the swankest old hotels in the world. It is Istanbul's famed Hotel Pera Palace, chuck-full of faded tapestries and the queerest collection of Victorian rocking chairs, settees and oversize bathroom fixtures this side of Bombay. Last week a rattletybang little streetcar jammed with Turks was just careening around a curve in front of the Pera Palace when a great belch of flame and smoke pushed out the whole first floor of the hotel with a crunching, grunting roar. Against the streetcar hurtled jagged slabs of plate-glass windows, splintered tables and chairs, and an avalanche of burst-open trunks and suitcases. Several Turks on the car were badly injured. Inside the now fiercely burning Pera Palace screaming chaos reigned. Cables flashed all over the world that a bomb attack had been made upon His Britannic Majesty's Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Bulgaria, George William Rendel.

The slight, dry and extremely shy British Minister was not killed, because at the moment of the explosion he was upstairs, probably worrying about something. An English friend has said of him: "Nobody could really be so worried about his work as George always looks." When he entered the Pera Palace with an entourage of some 50 persons, whom he had brought from Sofia because Britain broke off relations with Bulgaria after the Nazi influx (TIME, March 10), it was typical of George William Rendel that he went straight upstairs to his room and began to check over personally his Legation's more important papers. Other members of the British group were signing the hotel register or chatting in the lobby when the blast went off. Said British Vice Consul C. H. Page:

"I was standing near the porters' desk, close to the luggage room, when there was a blinding flash. Long tongues of flame shot out from the luggage room. I was thrown to the ground and got up to find myself in a crater, out of which I was only able to look up. Several others were in the crater with me.

"Flames were consuming the porters' desk and the partition between the luggage room and the hall. Lying in the midst of the flames was a woman screaming terribly. I rushed to carry her away and asked the Reverend Mr. Oakley (Chaplain of the British Embassy in Turkey) to take her by the legs and help me. He shouted something at me which I could not at first understand. He repeated it and I was horrified to understand him to say: 'Her legs are gone.' Somehow we got her out and carried her across the road where the ambulance picked her up. Later I found she was
Miss Armstrong

Terese Armstrong, 23-year-old British Legation stenographer, had also lost an arm, but death did not come to her for more than 30 hours. Instantly killed were four Turks, two of them hotel porters. The toll of wounded was 30. British First Secretary James Lambert was badly burned, slightly cut. When Minister Rendel came bounding down the Pera Palace stairs to see what all the noise and smoke was about he found his private secretary, Miss Gertrude Ellis, bleeding from serious wounds. His daughter and Legation Hostess, Ann Rendel, 21, had been knocked down by the force of the concussion, lay dazed but uninjured on the floor. Her father sent her upstairs to get his personal documents.

In any crisis the motto of the Turkish police is "arrest everybody," and in nabbing every living soul in the Pera Palace they did not omit to place under arrest the British Minister, whom they promptly released. In the confusion, however, instructions to take wounded Miss Ellis to the famed American Hospital of Istanbul were misunderstood and the dying British girl was taken to the German Hospital.

Out of the flaming Pera Palace, which burned for an hour before Istanbul firemen doused the blaze, darted Legation Clerk John Embury. He had suddenly remembered an extremely heavy and mysterious suitcase left with part of the Legation luggage at another hotel. This was one of two suitcases noticed on the tram from Sofia to Istanbul, opened and found to contain soiled clothing, some old Turkish newspapers and what looked like a big radio battery. The clerks could not find any Briton on the train to whom all these belonged, but they did not like to throw them away. Now Clerk Embury, with a hunch that the mysterious suitcase in his room contained an infernal machine, heaved it out the window onto an adjoining vacant lot. Turkish detectives cautiously opened the suitcase, found the "radio battery" to be a bomb.

The bombs had been carried into the British Legation train in Sofia—the private train of Bulgaria's Tsar Boris, loaned especially for the occasion—under the noses of Bulgarian detectives and Gestapo operatives who had been on duty for the previous twelve hours.

The British Legation staffers and Minister Rendel, moving on to the British Embassy and thence to Ankara, aired no theory about the explosion. Asked if they thought Nazi agents were to blame, they said, off the record, that this seemed to them "too fantastic to be probable."

"There is no doubt that the bombs were brought in the baggage of the British Legation from Sofia," said an official German spokesman in Berlin. "Most probably these were bombs which already had been set with time fuses to blow up bridges or cause other sabotage in Bulgaria. In the haste of packing, the British Legation officials forgot to remove the time fuses when they packed the bombs with their other baggage. . . . That just goes to show what happens when legations play around with explosives."


Adam


Last edited by Adam Brown on Wed Jan 28, 2009 11:58 am; edited 2 times in total
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David McNay
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PostPosted: Wed Jan 28, 2009 11:55 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

What a horrific story, the poor woman.

Just goes to show you the kind of stories that lie behind a simple name on a memorial.
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Adam Brown
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PostPosted: Wed Jan 28, 2009 12:08 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

And a little more detail about Miss Armstrong's background from the from The Scotsman of 14th March 1941

The death-roll resulting from the bomb explosion is now four. Miss Teresa Armstrong (23), of Carlisle, a stenographer at the British Legation in Sofia, who was injured in the explosion, died early yesterday morning, Both her legs had been amputated.

Miss Armstrong was a native of Canonbie, Dumfries-shire, and resided at Scotland Road, Stanwix, Carlisle.

She lived for some time at that address with her family after crossing the Border. She was trained at the Greig School and was afterwards engaged for some time in the City Treasurer's Department.

She later held an appointment at the International Labour Office of the League of Nations at Geneva.

Following the outbreak of war she was engaged as one of the secretaries of the British Minister at Sofia.- Her family have so far had no official information concerning her. She will probably be buried in the British cemetery at Istanbul.


And from this website

http://www.levantine.plus.com/testi4.htm

it nevertheless killed 2 English secretaries one Gertrude Ellis buried in the Catholic sector of the Feriköy cemetery, and the other buried in the Protestant (probably named as Eleanor Teresa Armstrong, on the cwgc web site).

Which suggest she is buried in Feriköy Protestant Cemetery

Adam


Last edited by Adam Brown on Wed Jan 28, 2009 12:32 pm; edited 1 time in total
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Adam Brown
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PostPosted: Wed Jan 28, 2009 12:22 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

David McNay wrote:
What a horrific story, the poor woman.


It as horrific. Even in wartime and the middle of the Blitz this attack in Istanbul made it into the news. Strangely, Miss Armstrong's terrible and senseless death means it was relatively easy to find out so much about her online so quickly.

Adam
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Adam Brown
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PostPosted: Mon Mar 09, 2009 9:34 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

And the other woman listed on the 1939-1945 panel

MILNE HOME, ISABEL MARY
Rank: Third Officer
Regiment/Service: Women's Royal Naval Service
Unit Text: H.M.S. 'Cormorant'
Age: 23
Date of Death: 19/08/1941
Additional information: Daughter of Sir John Hepburn Milne Home, Kt., D.L., J.P., and of Lady Milne Home, of Walkerburn, Peeblesshire.
Casualty Type: Commonwealth War Dead
Grave/Memorial Reference: Panel 61, Column 1.
Memorial: PORTSMOUTH NAVAL MEMORIAL

CWGC lists the parents home as Walkerburn but the announcement in The Scotsman on 3rd September 1941 has it as Canonbie. I assume it was Canonbie in 1941 and Walkerburn post-1945

Milne Home - Reported missing at sea in August 1941 while on her way to duties overseas. Third Officer Isabel Mary Milne Home WRNS. Only daughter of Sir John and Lady Milne Home, Irvine House, Canonbie, Dumfries-shire
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DerekR
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PostPosted: Mon Mar 08, 2010 5:42 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote



Name: GRAHAM, ISAAC
Initials: I
Nationality: Australian
Rank: Private
Regiment/Service: Australian Infantry, A.I.F.
Unit Text: 5th Bn.
Age: 29
Date of Death: 14/02/1917
Service No: 2158
Additional information: Son of William and Ellen Graham, of Forge, Canonbie, Dumfriesshire.
Casualty Type: Commonwealth War Dead
Grave/Memorial Reference: V. B. 17.
Cemetery: DERNANCOURT COMMUNAL CEMETERY EXTENSION
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